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The platypus is also one of the few mammals to produce venom. There was a problem. Scientific name: Ornithorhycus anatinus. In the same area of the hind foot where the male has the poisonous spur, the female platypus only develops two buds which drop off in their first year of life never to appear again. And as a tip, the right way to hold a platypus and avoid being stung is to hold the base of its tail, so it is upside down. In humans, this venom causes pain and swelling, increased sensitivity to pain in general (called hyperalgesia), hyperventilation, low blood oxygen and convulsions, depending on the dose received. The venom is produced in the male's crural glands. The venom is so strong that it can even kill a dog in the right conditions. For the new study, the team analyzed three museum platypus specimens (two males and one female) ... and wields venomous spurs. It is one of the few venomous mammals in the world. FALSE FALSE. The venom gland is connected to a small spur on its hind leg—think of a platypus’s spur as a tiny horn, about as long as your fingernail. The platypus injects between 2 and 4 ml of its venom in one dose. The venom of platypuses has a different function to that of non-mammalian species; it is less lethal but strong enough to weaken the enemy. The male platypus produces venom in the crural glands located beneath the calcaneous spur on each of its hind limbs. As they fight for a chance to mate with a female, both males try … Both males and females have spurs on their ankles, however it is only the male who produces venom. The female platypus can develop calcaneus spurs, but the crural glands never develop. The platypus has webbed feet, a bill like a duck, lays eggs, and males have venomous spurs. In the picture you can see the calcaneus spur, that the platypus uses to inject its venom. Put all of these traits together and what do you have? Wrong! Please refresh the page and try again. More than that, it was producing venom. But the mammals have a competitive nature that picks up during the breeding season, and the females may nip each other in the tail with their toothless bill to get them out of their area, she said. Only males platypuses produce venom, and only during breeding season. NY 10036. The Duck-billed Platypus is about the size of a cat. It has a beak similar to that of a duck, a tail similar to that of a beaver and legs like those of an otter. After a few hours it can even extend to other areas of the body besides the affected limb. They're at Risk of Extinction. "The females are more tolerant and may even choose to nest in the same burrow," Jessica Thomas, platypus keeper at the Healesville Sanctuary in Victoria, Australia, told Live Science. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. 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